Edible Hibiscus (Abelmoschus manihot)

Description

Edible Hibiscus, Abelmoschus manihot, bele or abika, is a nutritious, high in protein,  perennial shrub grown for its large leaves. The plant grows up to 12 feet tall, has leaves as large or larger than a plate, and a beautiful hibiscus flower. This plant is extremely hardy, vigorous and abundant. What a perfect food source! Edible Hibiscus has become one of my staple vegetables because it almost always has leaves I can harvest.

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Propagation

Edible Hibiscus is grown primarily from cuttings. Simply cut off a branch or some of the trunk and take those cuttings and stick them in the ground. They will take off after a short period and begin growing rapidly! I usually use cuttings a foot or so (30 cm) in length.

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Cut off branch or trunk.

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Trim off larger leaves.

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Stick into the ground.

Care

Make sure to give the plant plenty of water. It grows in part shade as well as full sun. Just sit back and watch it grow!

In my experience the plant gets top heavy and falls over in large rains/winds, so I constantly cut it back so its not too heavy and have it supported by a trellis.

Eating

You may eat the leaves raw or cooked, boiled or roasted. The larger leaves seem to be a bit more slimy than the smaller ones. But are both delicious. I usually eat smaller leaves raw and cook larger ones. Leaves are also excellent for thickening sauces or soups.

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Where to obtain planting materials

Ask anyone growing edible hibiscus for cuttings.

My Garden

I have trouble growing annuals during winter, due to day length, so I have to rely on my perennials for my food source. I’ve been growing Edible Hibiscus for over a year now, but I was only using it occasionally until recently. So noting the abundance of leaves on the hibiscus, I decided to eat it more regularly and I’m really enjoying it! Now that the plant is established, I have to prune the plant heavily every few weeks, giving me tons of cuttings to spread all over the yard. Aiding in over-abundance of a valuable food source, gearing me toward food self-sufficiency, the ultimate goal. Here’s some of my plantings around the yard:

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Main garden:      Edible Hibiscus, Guava, Araza, Coconut, Roselle, Cranberry Hibiscus, Cabbage, Turmeric, Strawberry, Hot Peppers, Air Potato, Tomato, Chia, Sweet Potato, Basil and many others.

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Food Forest:         Understory: Edible Hibiscus, Tea, Sweet Potato, Ti, Desmodium, Okinawa Spinach, Cardamom, Crotolaria, Moringa, Sissoo Spinach, Taro, Chaya, Poha and a mushroom log.        Overstory: Avocado, Orange, Star-Apple, Hawaiian Cotton, Papaya, Brazilian Cherry, Breadfruit, Kōpiko and ‘ōhi’a Lehua.        Young Trees: Acerola, Finger Lime, Allspice, Vi, Ice Cream Bean, Gliricidia, Mangosteen and Banana.

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Behind Nursery Table:       Edible Hibiscus, Cranberry Hibiscus, Chaya, Gourd, Pigeon Pea, Sour Bush, Sweet Potato, Voluntary Artocarpus, and Desmodium, behind these are a row of Bananas, Lemongrass and a Gliricidia.

Happy Gardening!

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4 thoughts on “Edible Hibiscus (Abelmoschus manihot)

  1. I’m loving this blog! I’d really love love to see a post about what you do for soil, compost, fertilizers, etc. I’ve got some soil but still lacking! I’m just starting out with papaya and bananas, but my dream is to grow my own veggies and fruits completely. I’m inspired by what I see here so far! Thanks for the time you put into this. Been looking for a blog like this since I moved here.

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    • mahalo! ive been wanting to write an entry about soil making, but im still working out many experiments to see what works best here, still lacking in my tropical composting skills (its been hard finding carbon materials around the property).
      but the key for soil building that ive found, is growing plants strictly for chop and drop/nitrogen building. due to our heavy rains, nutrients leach out of our soils quite rapidly. so nutrients are held in the plants themselves rather than in the soils. so when you cut down a plant youre making those held up nutrients available to the surrounding plants to take up. youre also adding biomass and mulch to your plants when you cut something down and throw it directly around you plants. feeding and keeping soils moist. you can use almost all of your yard waste to create soils directly at your house with a little bit of creativity.
      i should just write up an entry with nice photos! haha.
      im glad youre finding the blog inspiring. bananas and papayas are great plants to start out growing, theyre extremely hardy and produce so much food quickly! theres so much potential growing food in hawaii, everyone with a little bit of land could grow a quarter of their diet with the knowledge around us. just trying to make that knowledge easily accessible for all 🙂

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